These are the recommendations from the B.T.C.B. Technical Committee to safely teach the syllabus from kup grades; white belt to black tags (1st kup), and from 1st
Poom/Dan to 7th Dan, in
conjunction with the B.T.C.B. and B.T.C. insurance recommendations. The fundamental principle in all training is that safety must come first. Our
judgment must take into account age, ability, health, medical conditions and grade.
The use of hand-held pads, kick bags and the like is acceptable at every grade depending on the requirements for that grade.
All students, at all grades, should
practise sparring, unless there are medical grounds to forbid it.
Sparring consists of various forms, including (amongst others)
three-step sparring, one-step sparring, one-for-one kicking and
free sparring. Free sparring may be practised in non-contact,
light-contact and full-contact forms. Full-contact free sparring
is not permitted until the students have reached at least 9th kup (white/yellow belt).
Instructors should assess students’ abilities and behaviour before
allowing them to participate in free sparring. All forms of free
sparring should be practised under full W.T.F. rules. Instructors
must ensure that they and their students are familiar with the
latest rules and competition procedures. Students must have all
personal protective equipment (PPE) (mouth, head, trunk, arm, hand, leg,
and groin guards). PPE is compulsory for light-contact and
full-contact sparring practise and for any form of self-defence
practise that involves contact or the use of weapons (e.g., wooden
practice knives). Sparring is distinct from self-defence training,
which will use attack and defence techniques that are not allowed
under the competition rules.
Students may participate in special
activities and training beyond the minimum specified in the
syllabus. This is for those students who are able to progress
faster under the close tuition of an insured instructor. (An
“insured instructor” is one who holds instructor’s professional
indemnity insurance in his/her own right.)
Specialised free sparring without body protection must be done
under the supervision of an insured instructor, in a controlled
environment. Please refer to your instructor for various
styles of techniques and applications.
Specialised techniques for higher-level students under supervision
of an insured instructor.
Specialised techniques for higher level students, under
supervision of an insured instructor.
Elite competition training & Demonstration techniques
All students, from 9th kup upwards, can practise some degree of
competition or demonstration techniques. However, the specialised
training for high-level competition sparring and for advanced
techniques for public demonstrations are not part of the routine
training programme for most students. Demonstrations often involve
more difficult and acrobatic techniques and consequently have a
greater risk of injury. These two aspects of Taekwondo should
therefore be practised at specialised training sessions, by
competent students under the supervision of an insured instructor.
The use of hand weapons (e.g., short sticks, staffs, wooden
swords) for specific attack and defence techniques or as training
tools in their own right is a legitimate extension to Taekwondo training.